» Aggressive prostate and lung cancers are driven by common mechanisms, researchers find
04/10/18 19:54 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Researchers have discovered a common process in the development of late-stage, small cell cancers of the prostate and lung. These shared molecular mechanisms could lead to the development of drugs to treat not just prostate and lung canc...

» AI could predict cognitive decline leading to Alzheimer's disease in the next five years
04/10/18 19:54 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
A team of scientists has successfully trained a new artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm to make accurate predictions regarding cognitive decline leading to Alzheimer's disease.

» How malaria infection activates natural killer cells
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Malaria-infected red blood cells trigger the immune system's first line of defense by releasing small vesicles that activate a pathogen recognition receptor called MDA5, according to a new study.

» A new take on the 19th-century skull collection of Samuel Morton
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
After unearthing and analyzing handwritten documentation from scientist Samuel Morton, a doctoral candidate drew a new conclusion about the infamous 19th-century collection: though Morton accurately measured the brain size of hundreds of...

» Molecular guardians monitor chromosomes during cell division
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
One of the worst things that can happen to a cell is to end up with the wrong number of chromosomes. This can happen if something goes wrong during cell division, and it can lead to infertility, miscarriages, birth defects, or cancer.

» Solving a medical mystery: Cause of rare type of dwarfism discovered
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
For children born with Saul-Wilson syndrome, and their parents, much of their lives are spent searching for answers. First defined in 1990, only 14 cases are known worldwide. Today, these individuals have answers. A study has now uncover...

» Viruses in blood lead to digestive problems
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Some people suffer unpredictable bouts of abdominal pain and constipation. A new study in mice shows that viruses that target the nervous system can kill neurons in the gut that coordinate the process of moving waste along. Such viruses ...

» Nanoparticles to treat snakebites
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Venomous snakebites affect 2.5 million people, and annually cause more than 100,000 deaths and leave 400,000 individuals with permanent physical and psychological trauma each year. Researchers have now described a new approach to treatin...

» Tales from 141,430 and one genomes
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Non-invasive prenatal testing potentially provides a wealth of genetic information, but the quality of the DNA sequencing is poor -- only about 10 percent coverage per genome. Nevertheless, scientists now show that with enough genomes --...

» Rewriting the textbook on how steroid hormones enter cells
04/10/18 18:39 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
A discovery may open up new ways to control steroid hormone-mediated processes, including growth and development in insects, and sexual maturation, immunity, and cancer progression in humans.

» New DNA tool predicts height, shows promise for serious illness assessment
04/10/18 18:38 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
A new DNA tool can accurately predict people's height, and more importantly, could potentially assess their risk for serious illnesses, such as heart disease and cancer.

» Every cell has a story to tell in brain injury
04/10/18 17:57 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Traumatic head injury can have widespread effects in the brain, but now scientists can look in real time at how head injury affects thousands of individual cells and genes simultaneously in mice. This approach could lead to precise treat...

» 'Double agent' in the immune system may make us vulnerable to bacterial infections
04/10/18 17:18 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Scientists have discovered the role of an immune system double agent. This molecule, called USP18, can help curtail immune responses, but it can also open the door to bacterial infections, such as harmful listeria and staph infections.

» Evidence mounts linking aspirin to lower risk of ovarian cancer
04/10/18 17:18 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
A new study found that women who reported taking a low-dose aspirin every day had a 23 percent lower risk of ovarian cancer compared to nonaspirin users. The research also found that women who were heavy users of nonaspirin nonsteroidal ...

» Amputation injury is communicated to opposing limbs
04/10/18 17:18 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
In research that extends knowledge about the physiology of regeneration and wound repair, biologists have discovered that amputation of one limb is immediately reflected in the bioelectric properties of the contralateral, or opposing, un...

» Chemotherapy may lead to mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle
04/10/18 17:18 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Chemotherapy drugs to treat breast cancer may promote muscle mitochondrial dysfunction, according to new research. Dysfunctional mitochondria, the energy centers of the cells, may contribute to fatigue and weakness that some people with ...

» New study evaluates efficacy of PET imaging to manage chronic liver diseases
04/10/18 17:16 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
While liver biopsies are powerful and reliable, they are also invasive, painful, limited and subject to complications. These effects may soon be a thing of the past for some patients thanks to new research showing PET imaging with the 18...

» Have asthma and a pet? Re-homing your cat or dog may not be necessary
04/10/18 15:26 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
A study analyzed environmental exposures, like pet and secondhand smoke, to determine if they have a role in asthma control among children whose asthma is managed per NAEPP (EPR-3) guidelines. Researchers found that once asthma guideline...

» Broad genetic variation on the Pontic-Caspian Steppe
04/10/18 15:25 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
The genetic variation within the Scythian nomad group is so broad that it must be explained with the group assimilating people it came in contact with. This is shown in a new study on Bronze and Iron Age genetics of the Pontic-Caspian St...

» Viruses influenced gene sharing between Neanderthals and humans
04/10/18 15:25 from ScienceDaily: Health & Medicine News
Human evolution used to be depicted as a straight line, gradually progressing from an ape-like ancestor to modern Homo sapiens. But thanks to next-generation sequencing, findings in recent years have shown that it wasn't quite so orderly...

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